Pruning is a challenging task for many gardeners, especially when it comes to pruning the trees. Pruning is essential for shrubs and trees as it helps then grow. Sometimes we also need to prune a tree or shrub when it grows into unwanted space. However, pruning needs to be done in the right way and right season.
If you prune a shrub or tree in the wrong season, it becomes prone to pests and infections. It is essential to avoid pruning a tree in the humid weather or rainy season as there is a risk of infections. Therefore, you need to take care of the right method and time to prune a tree. Let us know more about the proper steps to prune a tree and its branches.
Do some research
Before you start pruning a tree in your yard, you must do some research on the topic. You can research the type of tree you want to prune. Researching online will let you know if any special pruning techniques are required for the type of your tree. Many evergreen trees don’t need pruning unless they have some dead branches or unwanted growth.
Steps to prune a tree
Let us know about the DIY steps to prune a tree in your yard or any other landscape.
Find the branch collar before you cut
Once you find the dead branch that you want to remove, you need to locate the branch collar. It is the area where the branch grows out of the trunk. You can easily find the branch collar on some trees while on others, you need to look for a circle or ridge where the bark is thick.
Cut at a downward angle
When you trim a tree, it is essential to make every cut at a downward angle. Cutting it downward does not allow the water to settle in the wound. Water in a tree wound can cause rotting in that area. Moreover, you should not cut the entire branch in a few cuts. If you do so, it will make it crack too close to the tree trunk.
It is best to make a cut on the stem collar. It is a small lip of bark from where the branch grows on the tree. Cutting a downward angle prevents the settling of rainwater of snow on the cut that can cause rotting of that area.
Don’t cut too close to the trunk
The second cut you should make on the branch should be a few inches from the trunk and the first cut. After you remove the branch, you will be left with only a stub. Then make another clean-cut right against the stem collar to remove the stub. Make sure you remove the stub and don’t cut the branch collar.
Don’t trim the branches growing upward
When people start learning about how to trim the branches of a tree, the common mistake they make is trimming the branches growing upwards. Trimming the upward growing branches leave a wound on their upper side where water can settle quickly, causing the branch to rot over time.
Prune the suckers
Suckers are the weak branches that look weedy and grow from the base of its trunk. They never grow into normal branches and only feed on the food and energy from the tree. You should prune the suckers as soon as you see them from the trunk of your tree. Suckers don’t fulfill any purpose but feed on the water and nutrients of the soil.
Remove the dead branches
The best way to start pruning is to remove the dead branches so that it becomes easy to see other areas of the tree that needs pruning. Then prune the unwanted or hazardous branches that hang too low or touch the building of your house. These branches can touch the walls of a house or enter your neighbor’s area. Some branches interfere with the utility lines, and homeowners should prune them as soon as possible.
Prune in the right season
It is important to prune these in the right season. We should prune the trees when they are still dormant. Winter season is best for the pruning of shrubs and trees. When the trees are dormant, pruning them will have fewer risks of disease and pest infections on the cuts. Pruning the trees before the spring season also promotes their health and growth in the coming season.
In the locations that experience harsh climate in winters like snowfall, it is best to wait until the coldest season passes. Therefore, the best season to prune the trees is early spring or late winter. In the locations with mild climatic conditions, you can perform the pruning any time in the winter when the trees are still dormant.
If you want to prune or trim the trees in the spring or summer, you can do so. There is no risk of removing the dead or dying branches in any season of the year. However, every tree owner should avoid pruning or trimming the trees in the rainy season or when the weather is too humid.
These are some DIY steps to prune trees and their branches when they become weak or dead. If you are not confident enough to prune your trees in the right way, you can hire a tree pruning service. People who don’t know the correct tools and techniques to trim their trees can hire services like tree removal Richmond. Hiring a professional tree pruning service ensures the safety of your tree and reduces the risk of pest infestations and disease.